Utmost Flow Control Technology Co., Ltd.
Utmost Flow Control Technology Co., Ltd.

How Does a Check Valve Work?

1. Check valve is an automatic valve, also known as check valve, check valve, return valve or isolation valve

Check valve refers to a valve whose opening and closing part is a circular disc and acts by its own weight and medium pressure to block the backflow of the medium. The movement mode of the different types of check valves disc is divided into lift type and swing type. The lift check valve is similar in structure to the globe valve, except that it lacks the valve stem that drives the valve disc. The medium flows in from the inlet end (lower side) and flows out from the outlet end (upper side). When the inlet pressure is greater than the sum of the weight of the disc and its flow resistance, the valve is opened. Conversely, the valve is closed when the medium flows back. The check valve is often used as the bottom valve of the pumping device, which can prevent the backflow of water. The swing check valve has a disc that is inclined and can rotate around the axis, and the working principle is similar to that of the lift check valve. The check valve is used in combination with the globe valve, which can play the role of safety isolation. The disadvantage is that the resistance is large and the sealing performance is poor when closed.

2. The working principle of the check valve

Check valves may also be used on lines supplying auxiliary systems where pressure may rise above system pressure. Check valves can be mainly divided into swing check valves (rotating according to the center of gravity) and lift check valves (moving along the axis). The purpose of this type of valve is to allow the medium to flow in only one direction and prevent flow in the opposite direction. Usually this kind of valve works automatically. Under the action of fluid pressure flowing in one direction, the valve flap opens; when the fluid flows in the opposite direction, the fluid pressure and the self-coincident valve flap of the valve flap act on the valve seat, thereby cutting off the flow.

Among them, the check valve belongs to this type of valve, which includes swing check valve and lift check valve. Swing check valves have a hinge mechanism and a door-like disc that rests freely against the sloping seat surface. In order to ensure that the valve disc can reach the proper position of the valve seat surface every time, the valve disc is designed in the hinge mechanism, so that the valve disc has enough swing space and makes the valve disc truly and comprehensively contact the valve seat. Discs can be made entirely of metal, or inlaid with leather, rubber, or synthetic overlays, depending on the performance requirements in UTMOST china valve factory. In the fully open condition of the swing check valve, the fluid pressure is almost unimpeded, so the pressure drop across the valve is relatively small. The disc of the lift check valve is located on the sealing surface of the valve seat on the valve body.

Except that the valve disc can rise and fall freely, the rest of the valve is like a globe valve. The fluid pressure lifts the valve disc from the sealing surface of the valve seat, and the backflow of the medium causes the valve disc to fall back to the valve seat and cut off the flow. According to the conditions of use, the disc can be of all-metal structure, or it can be in the form of a rubber pad or rubber ring embedded on the disc holder. Like the globe valve, the passage of fluid through the lift check valve is also narrow, so the pressure drop through the lift check valve is larger than that of the swing check valve, and the flow of the swing check valve is limited rare.

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